THE SALTON SEA

BERGLAND, Eric. PRELIMINARY REPORT UPON THE OPERATIONS OF PARTY No. 3, California Section, Season of 1875-76 with a View to Determine the Feasibility of Diverting the Colorado River for Purposes of Irrigation. Annual Report Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian for 1876, Appendix B (pp.109-1250). 1876. ¶ Also in Annual Report Chief of Engineers for 1876, Part, 3, pp.329-345, both with general map and map of “depressed area in the Colorado Desert.”

 

BLAKE, William P. ANCIENT LAKE IN THE COLORADO DESERT. [In:] American Journal of Sciences (2nd Series) 17, pp.435-438. 1854. ¶ Blake was one of the first to explore and describe the region while on the survey party for a railway route through the Colorado desert in 1856.

 

BROWN, John S. ROUTES TO DESERT WATERING PLACES IN THE SALTON SEA REGION, California. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920. 8vo, v, (1), 86pp, photos plates, 4 folding maps (2 bound in & 2 in rear pocket). Printed wrappers. ¶ Includes descriptions and maps of the region, road logs, and hints for travelers (by horse or by auto). Among the most delightful of government publications, the Routes to Desert Watering Places evolved from the desperate need for wells, springs, or natural tanks for desert travelers. Department of the Interior and United States Geological Survey: Water-Supply Paper 490-A, prepared in cooperation with the Department of Engineering of the State of California.

 

BROWN, John S. THE SALTON SEA REGION, CALIFORNIA. A Geographic, Geologic, and Hydrologic Reconnaissance, with a Guide to the Desert Watering Places. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 497. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1923. 8vo, 292pp, 3 folding maps in pocket at rear, 34 plates & sketch maps. Printed wrappers. ¶ An informative guide to the Colorado Desert, with routes of travel and watering places, including Palm Springs, Jacumba Springs, Fish Springs and Agua Caliente Springs.

 

BURNS, Helen. SALTON SEA STORY... Thermal: the Author, 1952. 8vo, 34pp, illus. Wrappers. ¶ A good account of the Salton Sea. “As one reads this fine account, it is with the sense of having gained precise information regarding the entire Salton Sea episode. Perhaps the most valuable section in the book is the one captioned ‘Appendix. Facts and Figures’” (Edwards, Enduring Desert, p.37). Printed by the Desert Magazine Press. A sixth edition had appeared by 1958.

 

(Chaffey, George). ALEXANDER, J.A. THE LIFE OF GEORGE CHAFFEY, A Story of Irrigation Beginnings in California and Australia. Melbourne: Macmillan & Co. Ltd, 1928. 8vo, xv, (3), 382 pp, frontis. portrait, 35 pages of portraits & other text illus. from b/w photos, maps (incl. 1 folding at rear of text), index. Gray cloth with gilt-lettered spine. ¶ Chaffey (1848-1932) has been called the Father of Irrigation and his greatest accomplishment was diverting the waters of the Colorado to irrigate a portion of the desert he named Imperial Valley, today one of the richest agricultural areas of the west. Chapters 20-22 deal with the Imperial Valley, chapter 22 by H.T. Cory being titled “The Master Builder.”

 

CHASE, J. Smeaton. CALIFORNIA DESERT TRAILS. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1919. 8vo, xvi, 387pp, photo plates by the author. Decorative cloth. ¶ A gifted and perceptive observer of nature, Joseph Smeaton Chase took long, leisurely trips on horseback, preferably alone, with a book of poems and a notebook in his saddle bags. Includes descriptions of Palm Springs, Seven Palms, Thousand Palm Canyon, the Salton Sea, Twentynine Palms, etc., with an appendix of 118 desert plants and hints on traveling in the desert.

 

COIT, John Eliot. IMPERIAL VALLEY SETTLERS’ CROP MANUAL. Berkeley: University Press, 1911. Pp.[139]-253, illustrated. ¶ Coit (1880-1976) was Professor of Citriculture at U.C. Berkeley in the ‘teens, and later Farm Advisor to Los Angeles County. He was a founder and three-time president of the California Avocado Association.

 

(Colorado River). CONTROLLING THE COLORADO RIVER AND THE SALTON SEA. [In:] Scientific American, Dec. 22, 1906.

 

CORY, Harry Thomas. REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE CALIFORNIA DEVELOPMENT COMPANY and its Subsidiary Company, La Sociedad de Riego y Terrenos de la Baja California, S.A., on November 1, Calexico, 1906.

 

CORY, Harry Thomas & William Phipps Blake. THE IMPERIAL VALLEY AND THE SALTON SINK. San Francisco: John J. Newbegin, 1915. 8vo, 30; [48]-61; [1204]-1581pp, folding maps & tables. ¶ Part 1 provides a non-technical discussion by Dr William P. Blake of the Pacific Railway Survey, part of which appeared in the MacDougal report; part 2 contains abstracts of scientific monographs by W. H. Ross and Godfrey Sykes concerning the Salton Sea; parts 3, 4 & 5 are by H.T. Cory. A second edition was issued in 1924 as Irrigation and River Control in the Colorado River Delta, but is abridged. Blake was the Geologist of Lt Williamson’s party of U.S. Topographic Engineers which surveyed and reported on the southern route for a transcontinental railroad in 1853 and was the first to examine and describe the Colorado Desert in a scientific manner.

 

DAVIS, Arthur P. PROBLEMS OF IMPERIAL VALLEY AND VICINITY. Report of the Director of the Reclamation Service on Problems of Imperial Valley and Vicinity with Respect to Irrigation from the Colorado River, Together with the Proceedings of the Conference on the Construction of Boulder Dam held at San Diego, California, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922. 326pp, 52 plates (incl. many folding maps & charts). Tan cloth. ¶ An extensive investigation into the many aspects of the Colorado River Project - resources of the Upper Basin, construction of the Boulder Dam, diversion of water to Southern California, development of the All-American Canal for the Imperial Valley, flood control, power, etc. This report paved the way for the Boulder Canyon Project Bill. “Known as the Falls-Davis Report, the document contained an exhaustive hydrological and geological profile of the Colorado River and its canyons. Once Boulder Dam was in place to provide flood protection and water storage, the All-American Canal could be built into the Imperial Valley.

 

DE BUYS, William - photographs by Joan Myers. SALT DREAMS: Land & Water in Low-Down California. University of New Mexico Press, 1999. 8vo, xiii, (v), 307pp, numerous b/w photo plates. Cloth, dust jacket. ¶ First Edition of a wonderful work summarizing the past, critiquing the present, and envisioning a future for California’s water dilemma in the Imperial Valley. DeBuys provides a well-written and thoroughly researched history of the Salton Sea area and Joan Myers’ austerely beautiful photographs make the book a delight.

 

DE STANLEY, Mildred. THE SALTON SEA, Yesterday and Today. Illustrated by Joseph Johnson. Los Angeles: Triumph Press, 1966. 8vo, 128pp, illus. in b/w. Blue wrappers. ¶ A popular booklet which has gone through numerous printings.

 

(Desert Cavalcade). HENDERSON, Randall (ed.). NINTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL DESERT CAVALCADE OF IMPERIAL VALLEY. Presented by Calexico Winter Festival Association, Calexico, California. El Centro: Desert Magazine Press, 1948. 4to, wrappers. ¶ Includes Harold Weight’s “They Brought Water to the Desert.”

 

DOWD, Munson J. HISTORIC SALTON SEA. El Centro, February, 1958. 8vo, 26pp. Brown wrappers. ¶ Dowd was an executive on the Board of the Imperial Irrigation District.

 

DOWD, Munson J. THE SALTON SEA. Based on an Address by M.J. Dowd. [El Centro]: Imperial Irrigation District, 1960. 8vo, 32pp, map, illus. Yellow wrappers. ¶ Points out some of the dramatic events in the history of this area. This printing includes illustrations not in the first.

 

DUKE, Alton. WHEN THE COLORADO RIVER QUIT THE OCEAN. Yuma: Southwest Printers, 1974. 8vo, (vi), 122pp, incl. full-page photo illus., map on endpapers. Green fabricoid in dust jacket. ¶ A good account of flood control and irrigation efforts on the lower Colorado River in the early part of this century. The author considers the environmental ramifications of the various engineering decisions made with respect to the region, as well as the impact of the exploitation of the Colorado watershed on U.S.-Mexico relations.

 

DURYEA, Edwin, Jr. THE SALTON SEA MENACE. [In:] Out West, January, 1906. ¶ “This article is illustrated with a generous collection of photographs of the rising inland sea and heroic efforts taken to check the flow of water. It is well written, supplying important data assembled during the 1905-1906 break in the Colorado River that formed the present Salton Sea” (Edwards, Enduring Desert, p.70).

 

EMERY, Pat. VALLEY OF THE COLORADO. Los Angeles: Pat Emery, Publisher, 1915. 8vo, 146pp. Cloth. ¶ A novel on the settling of the Imperial Valley.

 

FARR, F.C. (ed.). THE HISTORY OF IMPERIAL COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. Berkeley: Elms & Franks, 1918. 526pp. ¶ First Edition, primarily a mug book but the desert country is described and accounts of prominent individuals of the area provide an important history.

 

FOULKES, Cecelia. MECCA: A California Desert History. Mecca: The Author, (1985). 4to, vi, 104pp, b/w photo-illus. Brick red cloth, lettered in gilt, dust jacket. ¶ First Edition.

 

FRISBY, Karen J. IMPERIAL VALLEY: The Greening of a Desert. Occasional Paper No. 9. Imperial Valley College Desert Museum Society, 1992. 4to, (10), 116pp, photo illus. Green illus. wrappers.

 

GARNHOLZ, Brandon Derek. THE SALTON SEA: A Narrative and Political History. San Diego: San Diego State University, 1991. ¶ The author’s unpublished dissertation.

 

GUINN, J.M. LAS SALINAS (The Salt Pits). [In:] Historical Society of Southern California Annual Publication, Vol. VII, Pts. 2-3, pp.169-175, 1907-08. ¶ A short account of the salt wagons which ran from Los Angeles to the Salton Sink every spring from 1815 through the early 30’s. Their trail led through the San Gorgonio Pass to the salt works near the present site of Redondo where a lake was formed by waters from salty springs. Guinn notes that he gathered his information from an early pioneer but could find no historical records of these desert treks.

 

HARRINGTON, R.E. SOUVENIRS OF THE PALM SPRINGS AREA. Simi: R.E. Harrington, 1962. 8vo, (x), 72pp, photo illus. in text. Pictorial fabricoid, spiral binding. ¶ Harrington, an early resident of the Coachella Valley, had worked as a ranch-hand in the Imperial Valley in 1907. As a boy he took photographs of the region including the flooding of the Salton Sea, the beginning of Palm Springs, Indian life, and desert scenery.

 

HEFFERNAN, W.T. PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF IMPERIAL VALLEY. Calexico: Calexico Chronicle, 1930. ¶ Heffernan’s Recollections were written in 1928 and revised for publication with Rockwood’s Born of the Desert.

 

HENDERSON, Tracey. IMPERIAL VALLEY. (Calipatria: the Author), (1968). 4to, 240pp, color-illus. endpapers, monochrome photo-illus. throughout. Maroon faux morocco, gilt title. ¶ First Edition.

 

HENDRICKS, William O. DEVELOPING SAN DIEGO'S DESERT EMPIRE. [In:] The Journal of San Diego History, Vol. 17, No. 3, Summer, 1971.

 

(Hetzel, Victor Leopold). LIVERNOIS, Joe. HETZEL THE PHOTOGRAPHER, Impressions of Imperial Valley. Fresno: Pioneer Publishing, (1982). Obl. 4to, x, 124pp, b/w photos. throughout. Cloth, gilt.

 

HOLT, William Franklin. MEMOIRS OF A MISSOURIAN. Holtville, 1942. 8vo, 128pp. Gold-stamped fabricoid. ¶ Holt (1864-1951) was one of the founders of the Imperial Valley development and it is said that Harold Bell Wright based the character of Jefferson Worth in The Winning of Barbara Worth after his friend Holt. Reprinted in facsimile: Holtville: Holtville Tribune, 1975.

 

HOWE, Edgar E. & Wilbur J. Hall. STORY OF THE FIRST DECADE IN IMPERIAL VALLEY, CALIFORNIA. Edgar F. Howe & Sons, 1910. 8vo, 291pp, photo illus. throughout. Half red pebbled leather, buckram boards with gilt title. ¶ First appearance of the earliest published history of the Imperial Valley during this formative period. “The material made available by this early account is of primary importance to the student of desert history. The item is definitely a collector’s must” (Edwards, Enduring Desert, p.120).

 

(Imperial County). THE VALLEY IMPERIAL. Second Historical Volume, Imperial Valley Pioneers. January, 1958. 8vo, 48pp. inc. photo illus. Printed wrappers.

 

(Imperial County). HARRIS, Elizabeth. THE VALLEY IMPERIAL. First Annual Historical Volume, Imperial Valley Pioneers. January, 1956. 8vo, 72pp. inc. photo illus. Printed wrappers. ¶ Edited and party written by Elizabeth Harris, Historian of the Imperial Valley Pioneers. Includes chapters on valley pioneers; the plank road; location of Butterfield Stage Trail; gemstones; and the Salton Sea. A second volume was issued in 1958, and the two reprinted in one volume in 1991. The Imperial Valley Pioneers was formed in 1928.

 

(Imperial Valley). THE DESERT TRANSLATED. [In:] Land of Sunshine. October, 1901. Pp.290-292, with 3 half-tone photos, in whole issue. ¶ Early vision of the potential of the Imperial Valley and Colorado Delta written in the form of a newspaper article from 2001 suggesting it will have the densest population in California. The three photographs show the virgin desert, a sorghum crop, and a view of the Imperial Canal.

 

(Imperial Valley). Agricultural Association of California. CALIFORNIA MID-WINTER FAIR - Imperial Valley 1949. Imperial Valley: Agricultural Association of California, 1949. 8vo, 48pp.

 

KENNAN, George. THE SALTON SEA, An Account of Harriman’s Fight with the Colorado River. New York: Macmillan, 1917. 8vo, (10), 106 (+ads), photo. illus & plans. Blue cloth, gilt. ¶ In 1905 floods on the Colorado River created a large new lake in the Salton Sink. The battle against the inflow fell to the Southern Pacific, under the leadership of E.H. Harriman, which spent about $3 million containing the river. “The book ably presents the role of the Southern Pacific in the memorable fight against the Colorado River break in 1906-07. The content of the book is sectionalized as follows: The Salton Sink, The Creation of the Oasis, The Runaway River, The Saving of the Valley, The Recompense” (Edwards).

 

LANDIS, Christopher. IN SEARCH OF ELDORADO: The Salton Sea. Palm Springs: Palm Springs Desert Museum, (2000). 4to, 47pp with 33 b/w photos, frontis. map. Illus. wrappers. ¶ Landis shot the ghostly remains of marinas and motels along the shores of the troubled inland sea, choosing the austerity of black and white photography. The artist’s postscript provides a short history of the Salton Sea: “The Sea is both a ‘dream landscape’ and a landscape of dreams where something has gone terribly wrong. Few places offer a more intimate connection between the physical environment and the cultural landscape. The consequences of that relationship are exhibited at every turn.”

 

LOELTZ, O.J.; Burdge Irelan; J.H. Robison & F.H. Olmsted. GEOHYDROLOGIC RECONNAISSANCE OF THE IMPERIAL VALLEY, CALIFORNIA. Water Resources of Lower Colorado River - Salton Sea Area. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1975. 4to, iv, 54pp, photo-illus., text map & diagrams, two large folding plates in pocket at back. Printed wrappers. ¶ Includes large (36 by 18-1/2 in.) “Map Showing Water-Level Altitude in 1965, Geology, and Location of Wells and Springs, Imperial County,” and “Graphic Logs of Test Wells and Holes, Imperial Valley, California.” Geological Survey Professional Paper 486-K.

 

MacDOUGAL, Daniel Trembly; William Phipps Blake; Godfrey Sykes; et al. THE SALTON SEA, A Study of the Geography, the Geology, the Floristics and the Ecology of a Desert Basin, with Collaborators. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Institution, 1914. 4to, ix, 182pp, 32 plates & folding maps, 4 text figures. Printed wrappers. ¶ The first thorough scientific work on the Salton Sea. Of particular importance is William Phipps Blake’s The Cahuilla Basin and Desert of the Colorado, written in 1908 just prior to his death; this is, remarkably, the Blake of the Pacific Railway Survey whose observations of the region began in 1853 and extended to his last visit in 1906 shortly after the flooding. Also of interest is Godrfey Syke’s Geographical Features of the Cahuilla Basin which covers the early explorers and mapmakers. Sykes was the Geographer of the Desert Laboratory.

 

MENDENHALL, Walter Curran. GROUND WATERS OF THE INDIO REGION CALIFORNIA, With a Sketch of the Colorado Desert. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 225. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1909. 8vo, 56pp, 17 plates, 2 loose maps in end-pocket. Salmon wrappers. ¶ This is one of the highly informative Water-Supply Papers treating the exploration and development of the Colorado Desert, its geography, geology, water resources, and reclamation development. The photographic plates illustrate and enhance the text.

 

MIDDLETON, Loren & Christopher Lohr. OUR IMPERIAL VALLEY. Volume One. Design Concept and Script by Loren Middleton. Photography by Christopher Lohr and Loren Middleton. [N.p.:] the authors, 1995. 4to, 47pp (the last 8pp ads), illus. printed in sepia. Wrappers. ¶ A pictorial sketch of Imperial Valley scenery. Apparently all published.

 

MOORMAN, J.J. MINERAL SPRINGS OF NORTH AMERICA; How to Reach and How to Use Them. New York: Lippincott, 1873. 8vo, 294, 22pp ads for various mineral springs, folding frontis. map of “The Springs Region in Virginia,” folding map, woodcut plates. Cloth. ¶ First Edition with this title (an edition from 1867 was titled The Mineral Waters of the United States and Canada). While focused on the eastern half of the country, chapter XLII is devoted to mineral springs between the Mississippi and the Pacific Ocean, includes an early description of thermal phenomena in the Salton Sink. “Le Conte describes a number of volcanic springs in the desert of Colorado, in Southern California... They are in the neighborhood, and but six or eight miles distant from a range of volcanic hills form 800 to 1000 feet high. These springs consists of ‘numerous circular lakes, containing boiling mud, and exhaling a naptha-like odor. Many of them are incrusted with inspissated mud, forming cones three to four feet high, from the apex of which proceed mingled vapors of water, sal-ammoniac, and sulphur. Four of them eject steam and clear saline water, with great violence, resembling in appearance the jet from the pipe of a high-pressure engine.’ These springs are in a muddy plain, bordering on a saline lake.”

 

MORTON, Paul K. GEOLOGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES OF IMPERIAL COUNTY, CALIFORNIA... With Data on Geothermal Resources by C. Forrest Bacon and James B. Koenig (1971). Sacramento: California Division of Mines & Geology, 1977. 4to, viii, 104pp, b/w photo- & text illus., maps & charts, large color folding map housed in pocket at rear. Pictorial wrappers. ¶ County Report 7.

 

MOTT, Orra Anna Nathalie. THE HISTORY OF IMPERIAL VALLEY. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1922. 8vo, ix, 145pp. Wrappers. ¶ The author’s dissertation at U.C.

 

MUNK, Joseph A. SOUTHWEST SKETCHES. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1920. 8vo, xi, (1), 311pp, frontis., 132 b/w photo-illus. (on 66 plates). Pictorial cloth. ¶ Includes some material on the Salton Sea area and the reclamation project, as well as much on Arizona, the cliff dwellers, Southern California, ranching and irrigation. Chapter 10 - “Big Irrigation Projects” - deals with the Salton Sea area and Chapter 11 bears on the climactic conditions of the Colorado Desert.

 

NADEAU, Remi. THE WATER SEEKERS. Garden City: Doubleday, 1950. 8vo, 309pp, map, illus. endpapers. Cloth, dust jacket. ¶ The first book offering an overall account of Los Angeles’ search for water. The first part deals with the Owens Valley aqueduct and the second part with the Colorado River, particularly the break in 1905-06 together with the accomplishment of reclamation project in Imperial Valley.

 

NEWELL, F[rederick] H[aynes]. THE SALTON SEA. [In:] The Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution for the Year Ending June 30, 1907. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1908. 8vo, pp.331-345, folding frontis-map & 6 plates. ¶ Newell (1862-1931) is remembered as a principal architect of the Reclamation Act of 1902. While in the employ of the U.S. Geological Survey, he became chief engineer of the newly organized U.S. Reclamation Service (now the Bureau of Reclamation) in 1902. After Reclamation Service broke away from the Survey in 1907, Newell became the first director of the new organization.

 

ODENS, Peter. PIONEERLAND BELOW THE SEA... With Photographs by the Author. Sketches by Buachom Odens. Calexico: Calexico Chronicle, 1970. 8vo, 55pp, b/w photo-illus. throughout. Pictorial yellow wrappers, lettered in orange & red.

 

OERTLE, Lee V. SALTON SEA RECREATION GUIDE. Palm Desert: Desert-Southwest, 1964. 8vo, iv, 57pp, 48 photo-illus. in text. Pictorial wrappers. ¶ Scarce guide book to the Salton Sea from the era when fishing and boating were still possible.

 

OERTLE, Lee V. SALTON SEA SHORELINE GUIDE. Palm Desert: Desert-Southwest, 1964. 8vo, 48pp, photo-illus. in text. Pictorial wrappers.

 

PELTZIE, Sarah. SEA [SEE]: the Salton Sea Viewed through a Pinhole. Los Angeles: the Author, 2001. 12mo, 48pp, with 25 b/w pinhole photos. Wrappers.

 

PEPPER, Choral. GUIDEBOOK TO THE COLORADO DESERT OF CALIFORNIA; Including Palms Springs, Salton Sea, Indio and the Colorado River. Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie, 1972. ¶ A companion to the still useful Russ Leadabrand guides.

 

PRESTON, E.B. SALTON LAKE. [In:] Eleventh Report of the State Mineralogist (First Biennial), Two Years Ending September 15, 1892; 1893; pp. 387-393. California State Mining Bureau, 1893. ¶ Interesting account of the actual lake that existed in the Salton Sink bed a short time prior to the break in the Colorado River.

 

ROCKWOOD, Charles Robinson. BORN OF THE DESERT [and] Heffernan, W.T. Personal Recollections of the Early History of Imperial Valley. Calexico: Calexico Chronicle, 1930. 4to, (4), 44, (2), 22pp, 2 portraits. Printed wrappers. ¶ First Edition thus, the Rockwood originally appearing in a special 1909 edition of the Calexico Chronicle. Rockwood played a leading role in the reclamation of the Imperial Valley (he was the model for The Seer in The Winning of Barbara Worth). Born in 1860, he came to the Colorado River in 1892 and while working as an engineer he read William Blake’s railway survey reports and conceived the idea of irrigating the Valley. His various land promotions failed until he met Chaffey who gained control of the California Development Company and demoted Rockwood to an assistant engineer. Rockwood, however, regained leverage over Chaffey through a series of proxie manipulations and forced Chaffey to withdraw. ¶ W.T. Heffernan, a physician living in Yuma, invested in Rockwood’s CDC when no other funds were raised. With a Foreword by Randall Henderson, at the time editor of the Calexico Chronicle.

 

(ROOSEVELT, Theodore). (MESERVE, Edwin A.). IMPERIAL VALLEY OR SALTON SINK REGION. Message from the President of the United States, Relative to the Threatened Destruction by the Overflow of the Colorado River in the Sink or Depression Known as the Imperial Valley or Salton Sink Region. [Washington, D.C.]: [U.S. Government Printing Office], 1907. 8vo, 40pp, 7 hors texte maps (1 folding) & 9 b/w photo-illus. plates. Maroon buckram, gilt title at spine. ¶ Senate, 59th Congress, 2d Session. Document No. 212. Following an address by Theodore Roosevelt are documents and correspondence relative to the subject, including “Synopsis statement of the history of the California development company and of the diversion of the Colorado River into what is now known as the Imperial Valley” by Edwin A. Meserve.

 

ROUND, Phillip. IMPOSSIBLE LAND, The Story and Place in California’s Imperial Valley. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2008. 8vo, 192pp. ¶ A century of stories inspired by Imperial Valley.

 

RUST. H.N. DESERT SEA. [In:] the California Illustrated Magazine, Vol. I, No. 1, October, 1891.

 

(Salton Sea). SALTON SEA ATLAS. Redlands: Redlands Institute, 2002. Folio, unpaginated, color map, charts, & illus. throughout. Cloth, dust jacket. ¶ “The Salton Sea Atlas is the benchmark reference for the Sea that brings together much of what is known about this complex and controversial environment. Groundbreaking in its visual presentation of the surprisingly interwoven story, the Atlas is a comprehensive scientific, historical, and physical representation of the unique region. Using cutting-edge geographic information systems technology, vast amounts of data were transformed into multi-layered, multi-themed maps that are as visually compelling as they are revelatory of the hidden nature of the Sea and its landscape” (publisher’s note).

 

(Salton Sea). SAVING THE SALTON SEA: A Research Needs Assessment. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Services, 1997.

 

(Salton Sea). THE SALTON SEA: California’s Overlooked Treasure. Indio: Coachella Valley Historical Society, 1995.

 

(Salton Sea). THE SALTON SEA RESTORATION PROJECT: Opportunities and Challenges. Prepared by Salton Sea Authority & Bureau of Reclamation. June, 1998. 8vo, 16pp. Wrappers.

 

(Salton Sea). AINSWORTH, Ed. THE DESERT BARNACLE; The Voice of the Salton Sink. Vol. 1, No. 1. Mecca: [Ed Ainsworth], 1945. 20 x 14 inches, 6 page newspaper. ¶ Edward Maddin Ainsworth (1916-1969) published the Desert Barnacle from Mecca, where he owned Sunrise Palms, a date orchard.

 

(Salton Sea Authority). PROCEEDINGS OF THE SALTON SEA SYMPOSIUM, January 13, 1994. Indian Wells: Salton Sea Authority, 1994. Sm. 4to, wrappers. ¶ A collection of papers on environmental issues including wildlife hazards and water purity.

 

(Salton Sea). DAVIS, Arthur P. NEW INLAND SEA. [In:] National Geographic, Vol. 18, 1907. ¶ This is “one of the best descriptive accounts of the great break in the Colorado that caused the formation of our present Salton Sea” (Edwards, Oases, p.88).

 

(Salton Sea Symposium). Douglas A. Barnum et al. THE SALTON SEA. Proceedings of the Salton Sea Symposium, Held in Desert Hot Springs, California, 13-14 January 2000. Desert Hot Springs, (2000). xii, 306 pp, num. figs, paperbound. ¶ Hydrobiologia vol. 473. Also issued by Kluwer in 2002

 

SCHONFELD, Robert G. THE EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF CALIFORNIA’S IMPERIAL VALLEY. Los Angeles: Historical Society of Southern California, 1969.

 

SEDDON, Marian. WHATEVER HAPPENED TO THE CHOCOLATE MOUNTAIN GANG... Events Involving Early Campers at Imperial County Original Old Spa. Yuma: Sun Graphics, 1982. 8vo, (6), 71pp, b/w photo-illus. throughout, maps. Photo-illus. wrappers. ¶ Imperial County hot springs, originally discovered in 1938 during construction of the Coachella Branch of the All American Canal, were continuously occupied by campers for nearly 20 years until 1964.

 

SETMIRE, James G. DETAILED STUDY OF WATER QUALITY, Bottom Sediment, and Biota Associated with Irrigation Drainage in the Salton Sea Area, California, 1988-1900. Sacramento: U.S. Geological Survey, 1993.

 

SHUFORD, W. David. ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION OF BIRDS OF THE SALTON SINK: An Endangered Ecosystem. Camarillo: Cooper Ornithological Society, 2004.

 

(Southern Pacific Railway). SOUTHERN PACIFIC IMPERIAL VALLEY CLAIM: Evidence, Statement, and Argument Before the Committee on Claims of the House of Representatives, on House Bill 13997, Sixtieth Congress, First Session, to Reimburse the Southern Pacific company the amounts Expended by from December 1, 1906, to November 30, 1907, in closing and controlling the break in the Colorado River. Washington: G.P.O., 1908. ¶ Includes Evidence and Arguments by Mr. Maxwell Evarts, counsel for the Southern Pacific. H.T. Cory, general manager of the California Development Company. C.E. Grunsky... consulting engineer.

 

SOUTHWORTH, John. RIVER ON THE LOOSE: How the President of a Railroad Saved the Imperial Valley for California and the World. [In:] The Branding Iron, No. 227. Los Angeles: The Westerners, Los Angeles Corral, 2002. 8vo, self-wrappers.

 

STEERE, Collis H. IMPERIAL AND COACHELLA VALLEYS. Stanford: Stanford University Press, (1952). Tall narrow 8vo, (90)pp, illus in b/w throughout. Wrappers illus with map of the area. ¶ Remains a useful and readable guide.

 

STRINGFELLOW, Kim. GREETINGS FROM THE SALTON SEA, Folly and Intervention in the Southern California Landscape 1905-2005. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. 8vo. Cloth, dust jacket. ¶ First Edition. “Greetings from the Salton Sea’s photographs capture the war among policymakers, environmentalists, developers, and the individuals still living along the lake’s shores. As Stringfellow aptly documents, it is a war for water and, ultimately, for existence.”

 

STUART, Gordon. WHEN THE SANDS OF THE DESERT GREW GOLD. Pacific Palisades: Gordon Stuart, 1961. 8vo, 205pp, 17 photos. Spiral bound wrappers. ¶ Printed and signed by the author, an early settler in the Imperial Valley.

 

SYKES, Godfrey. THE RECLAMATION OF A DESERT. [London: Royal Geographical Society], [1915]. 8vo, pp.447-458, color folding map. ¶ Reprinted from the Geographical Journal, December 1915.

 

TAIT, Clarence Everett. IRRIGATION IN IMPERIAL VALLEY, CALIFORNIA: Its Problems and Possibilities. Presented by Mr [Frank Putnam] Flint, February 11, 1908. Washington, D.C., 1908. 8vo, 56pp with illus., maps, & tables.

 

TOUT, Otis Burgess. FIRST THIRTY YEARS OF IMPERIAL COUNTY, Being an Account of the Principal Events in the History of Imperial County, Southern California, U.S.A. San Diego: (the Author), (1931). 4to, 429pp, illus. with ca. 250 photos of individuals & scenes. Brown leatherette with gold “plaque” titles. ¶ A history of Imperial Valley people and events compiled mainly from items appearing in early newspapers, and classified chronologically under the several towns in Imperial Valley. Among some of the historic events described are Kearny’s Expedition, Pacific Railway Surveys, Closing the Big Break in the Colorado, Hoover Dam, and the Plank Road. Reprinted by the Imperial County Historical Society in 1990.

 

VEATCH, Dr John A. ON THE MUD VOLCANOES IN THE COLORADO DESERT. [In:] Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1, pp. 116-120, 1854-57. ¶ Republished in Am. Jour. Sci. 2nd Series, Vol. 26, 1958.

 

WOODBURY, David. THE COLORADO CONQUEST, The Epic Story of Imperial Valley, Boulder Dam and the Taming of a Mad River. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1941. 8vo, 367pp, illus. Cloth, dust jacket. ¶ An account of Hoover Dam, the Salton Sea and the huge Imperial reclamation project.

 

(Wozencraft, Oliver). (J.W. Crisfield, H.S. Burton, Major Emory). COLORADO DESERT. House of Representatives Report No. 87, April 23, 1862. 8vo, 26pp. Wrappers. ¶ An important document relating to a resolution to cede to Oliver M. Wozencraft, of San Bernardino, sufficient land to enable him to bring irrigation water from the Colorado River to the lands below sea level. Wozencraft, the visionary of the Salton Sea, had for years promoted the idea of turning a portion of the waters of the Colorado River into a system of canals for the purpose of irrigating the Salton Sink. The reports are by J.W. Crisfield, Capt. H.S. Burton, Major Emory, E.F. Beale, et al. The bill was favorably received by the government but the Civil War interfered with any resolution. See “Dreams of a Desert Paradise” in Desert Magazine, June, 1939.

 

WRIGHT, Harold Bell. THE WINNING OF BARBARA WORTH. Chicago: Book Supply Co., 1911. 8vo, 511pp, 6 plates by F. Graham Cootes. Red cloth. ¶ Wright’s best seller was based on the actual events of the struggle to control the Colorado River. In 1905 the River threatened to destroy the Imperial Valley which had only a few years before been reclaimed from the desert. The story revolves around the cutting of canals and installing gates in the banks of the Colorado, the subsequent floods washing out those gates, and the heroic efforts to close the gap. Powell, Land of Fiction, 5: “...the first novel to tell the public what water means to Southern California, and that ruin lies both in too much and too little.” Filmed in 1926 with Gary Cooper in his screen debut. Wright wrote the book at his ranch between El Centro and Holtville.

 

WRIGHT, Harold Bell & Mrs Wiley M. Weaver. IMPERIAL VALLEY 1901-1915. Los Angeles: Designed & printed by Kingsley, Mason & Collins Co., 1915. 8vo, (32)pp, illus. throughout. Color illus. wrappers. ¶ Compiled by Mrs Wiley M. Weaver, with contributions by Harold Bell Wright, this is an early advertising brochure extolling the wonders of the Imperial Valley. Harold Bell Wright contributed one of the two short descriptive articles. Sponsored by the Boards of Supervisors and apparently prepared for distribution at the Southern California Exhibit at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition.

 

EPHEMERA:

“FROM VALERIE JEAN’S DESERT OASIS TO YOU.” (Thermal: Valerie Jean Date Shop), [n.d., ca. 1950]. Sheet measuring 12 by 18 inches, folded into six sections, photo-illus. vignettes, with smaller brochure & related materials for ordering laid-in. ¶ Advertising brochure. The smaller pamphlet depicts the date business cycle from cultivation to shipment of orders, and describes “Old King Solomon,” the famous male date palm imported from Arabia in 1912, which produces enough pollen for 400 female palms!

 

(Shields Date Gardens). COACHELLA VALLEY DESERT TRAILS, and The Romance and Sex Life of the Date. Indio: Shields Date Gardens, (1952). 8vo, 39pp, photo illus. by Frasher printed in sepia. Wrappers. ¶ This oft-reprinted brochure contains articles on date culture in Coachella Valley, on Twentynine Palms and the Joshua Tree National Monument, Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Indian Wells, Thousand Palm Canyon, and the Salton Sea Area.